African Heavy Browsers

Browsers are species of herbivores that feed on leaves, soft shoots, or fruits of high-growing, generally woody, plants such as shrubs. I am going to go into details of two heavy browsers;

Elephants

African Elephants are the largest living mammals on Earth. Their wild population is scattered across the Sub Saharan Africa’s habitats including savannahs, forests, deserts, and marshes.  Fully grown male African elephants can reach a height of 4 m and weigh up to 7 tons.

elephant browsing

Elephants are social animals and live in groups of related herds. African elephants are mostly browsers in contrast to their Asian elephant cousins who are mainly grazers. A fully grown African elephant can consume up to 150 kg of foliage and 40lts of water in a day. Elephants tend to feed in the morning, afternoon and night as well stay near water sources. They use their trunk to foliage leaves and drinking of water.  Elephants rest under trees at midday to avoid overheating from the scorching sun and may as well doze off while standing. At night, the elephants sleep while lying down. They sleep an average of 3 to 4 hours in a day.

Giraffes

Giraffes are the tallest animals on planet Earth with a fully grown giraffe standing at 4.3m – 5.7m tall. Male giraffe are taller than the female. A fully grown male giraffe can weigh up to 1190kg and 830kg for a female. A fully grown giraffe can browse up to 35kg of foliage in a day. Giraffe are obviously top feeders and can reach leaves that are five metres or more off the ground. Giraffes are ruminant animals and mostly chew cud during the night.

giraffe-browsing

Some experts believe that a giraffe sleeps for only about 24 minutes in a 24-hour period. Giraffe have loose social structures and herds can vary in size.

Post Author: Sam Muya

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