River Nile

It is regarded as the longest river in the world. However other conflicting studies released in 2007 indicate The Amazon River in South America to be the longest. The Nile covers eleven countries in Africa namely;  namely, TanzaniaUgandaRwandaBurundi, the Democratic Republic of the CongoKenyaEthiopiaEritreaSouth SudanSudan and Egypt. Egypt and Sudan rely so much on the Nile as the primary source of water.


The White Nile and The Blue Nile are the main tributaries of the Nile River. The White Nile is longer and rises in the Great Lakes region of central Africa, with the most distant source still undetermined but located in either Rwanda or Burundi. It flows north through Tanzania, Lake Victoria, Uganda and South Sudan. The Blue Nile begins at Lake Tana in Ethiopia and flows into Sudan from the southeast. The two rivers meet at north of Khartoum, Sudanese capital.  After the two main tributaries converge, they flow through Sudan and Egypt then ends in a large delta and flows into the Mediterranean Sea.

From Rukarara tributary in Rwanda, River Nile is estimated to be 6758km long covering an area of 3,254,555km2.

There are many animals that live in or around the fresh water of the Nile River.

The Nile Crocodile.

The Nile Crocodile is the largest crocodile in Africa, and also one of the largest in the world. It can be as long as 6.5 m, and can weigh up to 680 kg. They prey on animals that come to drink water along the river. Most saddening is that they also kill humans for food too. Other reptiles found in the Nile basin include the soft-shelled turtle, three species of monitor lizard, and some 30 species of snakes, of which more than half are venomous. The hippopotamus, is also common throughout the Nile system

nile crocodile


Nile perch is the largest fish along the Nile .It can weigh up to 80kg. Other common types of fish include; the bolti (a species of Tilapia), the barbel, several species of catfish, the elephant-snout fish, the tigerfish, or water leopard, the lungfish, the mudfish, the common eel and the spiny eel is found in Lake Victoria.



There are so many species of birds along the Nile like the pelican, geese, fish eagles and marabou stocks among others.

nile goose


The Nile meander through different climate types and as such different types of plants grow along the course including ebony, banana, rubber, bamboo, and coffee shrub. Others include papyrus, tall bamboo-like grasses, reed mace ambatch, water lettuce, and the South American water hyacinth.

nile bamboo

Post Author: Sam Muya

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