Migratory Birds and Migration

Birds’ migration is the regular seasonal movement of birds along an identified flyway, between breeding and wintering grounds. Birds’ migration has been recorded as much as over 3,000 years ago. Here are some migratory birds around the world.

Bar-tailed godwit

The bar-tailed godwit breeds on Arctic coasts and tundra mainly in Africa, Asia and Europe. They also breed in Australia and New Zealand. Its migration is the longest known non-stop flight of any bird and also the longest journey without pausing to feed by any animal.

The bar-tailed godwit migrates in flocks to coastal East Asia, AlaskaAustraliaAfrica, northwestern Europe and New Zealand, It feeds on insects and some aquatic plants.

bar-tailed-godwit

Canada goose

Native to arctic and temperate regions of North America, its migration occasionally reaches northern Europe. This is a migratory bird and tends to be found on or close to fresh water. Their autumn migration can be seen from September to the beginning of November.

The early migrants have a tendency to spend less time at rest stops and go through the migration much faster. The later birds usually spend more time at rest stops. Some geese return to the same nesting ground year after year and lay eggs with their mate, raising them in the same way each year. Canada geese fly in a distinctive V-shaped flight formation, with an altitude of 1 km

canada geese

Osprey

They are also known as fish eagle, sea hawk and river hawk. The osprey tolerates a wide variety of habitats, nesting in any location near a body of water providing an adequate food supply. It is found on all continents except Antarctica. In South America it occurs only as a non-breeding migrant.

European breeders winter in AfricaAmerican and Canadian breeders winter in South America.  Some ospreys from Florida migrate to South America.  Australasian ospreys tend not to migrate.

osprey

Bee eaters

Species that breed in subtropical or temperate areas of Europe, Asia and Australia are all migratory. The European bee-eaters that breed in southern Europe and Asia migrate to West and southern Africa. Another population of the same species breeds in South Africa and Namibia; these birds move northwards after breeding. In Australia the rainbow bee-eater is migratory in the southern areas of its range, migrating to Indonesia and New Guinea, but occurs year-round in northern Australia. Several species of bee-eater, are Intra-African migrants

bee-eater

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